Surrealism is the art form that is said to have been born during the inter war years and perhaps was the last of the major movements of art that was associated with Ecole de Paris. It began as a movement that posed to be over the top fashionable, however, with the passing of days, it came to be known as the most influential style and school of art.
The Surrealists were strongly influenced by psychoanalysis, and they were of the view that the rational and logical thoughts were an obstacle to the open imagination. Karl Marx and his thoughts and opinions were their other source of influence and based on that they hoped that it was the psyche that had the ability to bring about a change in the contradictions of the world. Sigmund Freud’s book, The Interpretation of Dreams, also had a profound influence on the Surrealists and eventually their art.
Surrealism was one among the various other movements and phases that art experienced. Among some of the latest forms of art are the Abstract art, the Pop art, the Modern art and the Contemporary art. These and other refined forms of fine arts such as sculpture can be seen at the art galleries of Mark Borghi . He is an art enthusiast and owns art galleries that usually focus on Post-War America, at three different places.
He began with his first art gallery in New York in 1998, and since then there is no turning back. His exhibitions have a high repute and streams of people are seen making their rounds just to get a glimpse of all the extraordinary art forms that are featured here. The works of Johnson Pollock, Andy Warhol and many others of similar caliber are featured here.
Surrealism can be broadly classified into two categories, one the Abstract and the other the Figurative. The Abstract form is a very popular and sought after kind of art in the present day world that does not involve any kind of figures. This is perhaps the only kind of art that has to do very strongly with the emotional side of the artist and as a result the emotional aspect is equally strongly conveyed through the artwork. Some of the mention-worthy names of this genre are Robert Matta, Andre Masson and Joan Miro.
However, being the founder and the chief theorist of this movement, Andre Breton is called to be the ‘Pope of Surrealism’. It was Freud’s ideologies that led to the Surrealists eliminating the boundary between reality and fantasy. To the Surrealists, the Pre-Raphaelites and the Symbolist works were much more appealing than Impressionism. Some of the very good examples of Surrealism are the works of Max Klinger and Paul Gauguin.
Though there are so many different schools and styles of expressing art, yet their basic concept is always to present a piece of the artist’s perception to the viewer in a very innovative light. Every school of art had and has their own uniqueness which is why it is important to preserve as well as make others aware of the same. Mark Borghi is doing an excellent job by organizing the exhibitions at his art galleries through which larger masses of people are drawn towards art.